The main goal of the NANOSMAT-2017 conference was to establish an international event where talented and truly international scientists belonging to academia, industry, or other public, or private, institutions, will meet and exchange novel ideas, share new knowledge and technical know-how in the broad fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The NANOSMAT was characterized for being the first truly cross-disciplinary conference, where scientists coming from many different countries and having different expertise in chemistry, physics, engineering, medicine, biology, can strongly interact to each other, discussing science at a top level in an informal and friendly atmosphere.  A Special Session: NanoAFRICA was held on September 12, where participants discussed the central questions of the conference to prepare their contributions to the event.  A delegation from the MRD Nanoscience Group participated in the event.